I. Goals
1. To develop students comprehension and application of the Roman numeral system.
2. To demonstrate to students how the Roman numeral system works and that it still applies in our lives today.
II. Instructional Objectives
 Students will be able to recognize the Roman numerals
 Students will be able to use and solve problems using Roman numerals
 Students will be able to use an online Roman numeral converter
III. Content
 Review Roman numerals and their use and importance, past and present (M7P4(a), (b), and (c); M8P4(a), (b), and (c); MM1P4(a), (b), and (c))
 Be able to identify different Roman numerals (M7P5(a) and M7P5(b); M8P5(a) and M8P5(b); MM1P3(a), (b), (c), and (d))
 Be able to apply formulas to solve problems using Roman numerals (M7P1(a), (b), and (c); M8P1(a), (b), and (c); MM1P1(a), (b), (c), and (d))
 Be able to relate math (Roman numerals) with the Middle Ages. (MRC(d))
IV. Teaching Procedures
 Introductory
Class will begin with an overview on the Smartboard of Roman numerals and their use, past and present. We will review and discuss the use of Roman numeral, when it began and how it developed on a base unit of 10. We will discuss that Romans used math for “practical purposes, such as building roads, brrdges, and temples out of stone, keeping accounts, and supplying their armies”. As a class, we will pull up Dr. Math and review Roman numerals and their history (http://mathforum.org/dr.math/faq/faq.roman.html#use). Students will be told that it has been thought that originally the development was closely related to the shape of the hand: I for single finger, V for whole hand outstretched, X for both hands in same manner (http://www.unrv.com/culture/romannumerals.php). Students will be given a chart to fill in (http://www.romannumerals.co.uk/images/teaching_chart.gif). Once they have filled in the chart with their guesses, they will be given a Roman numeral chart (http://nicholasacademy.com/romannumeralschart.gif) to check their answers and for their future use.
 Developmental
Students will be divided into groups to work on a class worksheet. Once they have completed the class worksheet they will go to the computer pods and pull up Mathslice.com. (website: http://mathslice.com/ol_mainfrm2.php?cat=601.php) Students will work in groups (of 2 or 3) on the Mathslice.com worksheet (Roman Numerals). Students may also pull up the Roman Numeral Converter site (http://www.novaroma.org/via_romana/numbers.html) and quiz each other on solving different problems.
 Closure
Students will be given a homework sheet with Roman numeral problems to practice solving the problems. Review of formula and examples in Math Journals. Answer the following questions in the Math Journal:
 Where are Roman numerals used today?
 In what ways was math used by Romans?
V. Materials
 Smartboard
 Computer pods
 Pencils
 Class Worksheet
 Homework practice sheet
VI. Accommodations and Modifications
 During group time and computer time, monitor students to make sure they are working on assignments, comprehending and applying the numerals correctly.
 Assist students that might be struggling.
 Monitor computer time to make sure correct utilization of internet and website.
VII. Assessment Strategies
 Students will be able to recognize and identify different Roman numerals.
 Students will be able to solve/simplify Roman numeral problems..
 Students will be able to relate problems to both Roman numeral system and our number system.
 Check to see that students comprehend the class presentation and numerals.
 Check Math Journal to assure that students wrote Roman numerals and examples.
 Check class worksheet to make sure that students are able to correctly identify, solve and simplify Roman numeral equations.
 Monitor computer time to make sure students are able to use website correctly.
 Check homework sheet to make sure that students are able to correctly identify, solve and simplify Roman numeral equations.
 VIII. Lesson Evaluation
This lesson will be successful if students are able to identify, use, solve and simplify Roman numerals and equations using Roman numerals. Hopefully, students will recognize the past and current benefit of the Roman numeral system and be able to relate the numerals to our current number system correctly.
Assessment Rubric:
 A – excellent cooperative work with partners on Classroom activity; completion of class worksheet, homework and journal assignments correctly;
 B – good cooperative work with partners on Classroom activity; mostly correctly completed class worksheet, homework and journal.
 C – fair cooperative work with partners on Classroom activity; half of class worksheet, homework and journal completed correctly.
 D – very little cooperative work with partners on Classroom activity; very little of class worksheet, homework and journal completed.
 F – no cooperative work with partners on Classroom activity; no class worksheet, homework or journal completed.
Class Worksheet
Name: 
Class Worksheet 
Date: 

Roman Numeral Conversion Worksheets 
























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Homework worksheet
Name: 
Homework Sheet 
Date: 

Roman Numeral Conversion Worksheets 
























Created using http://www.softschools.com.